::Departments : Para Clinical : MICROBIOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY

SHORT HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY:
Thanjavur Medical College was started in the year 1959. Microbiology is Non clinical Department, belongs to MEDICINE BRANCH IV. Department was situated in 1st floor, TMC in between Pathology &Pharmacology Departments.

 In the college Microbiology Department has
        1. One Lecture hall to accommodate 150 students
        2. Two Demonstration hall’s to accommodate 75students
        3. One Student’s lab
        4. Separate rooms for all Faculties
        5. Museum
        6. One PG’s Research lab
        7. Departmental library&
        8. Stores

Courses offered-MBBS,M.D,DMLT.Theory with Audiovisual aids .

Classes were taken for the clinical PG’S on Basic Medical Sciences        
There is a Central Service Laboratory at TMCH. Available facilities in CSL are Bacteriology, Mycology& Serology including Dengue, Hepatitis A,B&E, JE, Chikungunya &Measles , by latex, ELISA &Rapid card tests.
ICTC lab to counsel &screen for HIV at OP building &SRL at college were attached with this department.
EQAS -external quality assessment & Biomedical Waste Management Programmers were conducted by this department.


FACULTIES:
Professor-1
Associate Professor-2
Assistant Professor – 3
Tutors -4


POST GRADUATION   COURSE permitted since 2009:
2 students allotted per year.
Duration 3yrs,
Eligibility MBBS,
Selection by Entrance examination.
University - DR MGR medical university


ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES:
 3 theory classes / week by Professor
1 Journal club / week
1 Seminar / week
Pg should take theory & practical classes for UG’s &DMLT’s.
Should maintain a log book
For University exam 90 percent attendance is mandatory.
Must attend CME, conference & publish E-journal & should do Dissertation work.

Examination:
Theory-Essay, Reasoning out, Short answers, Very short answers
Practicals -:
Bacterial Culture techniques- pure & mixed,
Serological tests –tube agglutination, ELISA& Rapid,
Concentration techniques,
 Media preparation,
 Stool examination,
 Spotters,
 Identification of mycological culture& Slide culture technique,
 Pedagogue& viva                      


UNDERGRADUATES: MBBS
140 – 150 students / year.
 Duration 1&1/2 yrs in Microbiology
 Eligibility -    +2,
 Selection by Ranking based on +2 marks.
 University - DR MGR medical university
 3 theory classes / week, 1 practical / week /batch, Clinical Microbiology postings,   
 Seminar and 5 internal assessment tests, & Model examination theory & practicals  For
 University exam 90 percent attendance


EXAM PATTERN:
Theory paper 1 & 2,
Practicals
Viva/OSPE


DMLT (PARA MEDICAL COURSE)
Eligibility -       +2 pass,
Duration    2years,
Allotment 98 students/year.
Selection by counseling based on +2 marks
University - DR MGR medical university
2 Theory classes/ week, 1 practical class/week.
75 percent attendance is mandatory.


EXAM PATTERN:
Theory paper 1 & 2, Practical’s, Viva

LAB SERVICES:
1. INTEGRATED COUNSELING AND TESTING CENTRE (ICTC):
 Location       – OP block of TMCH
 Staff pattern –Medical Officer in charge - 1
 Lab technician -2
 Counselors  
 Persons screened – 900 to 1000 / month
 Methods to screen HIV – ELISA/Comb AIDS/Rapid card test –SD
 Bioline/ Pareeksha/ Instachk
 Working time –8A.M – 5 PM
 Services – Pre test counseling, Post test counseling, Screening &testing for HIV,  
 Referral to ART centre & RNTC P, Sending samples for EQAS, Follow up of discordant
 Cases


2. STATE REFERENCE LABORATORY:
 Location – Dept. of microbiology, TMC.
 Staff pattern – Medical Officer in charge - 1
 Lab technician     – 1
 Technical officer -1     
 Methods to screen HIV – rapid card test

 
Roles
To monitor ICTC laboratory’s for proficiency testing
EQAS under NACO, proficiency testing,
To test & realiquot the PT panel,
Sending the results to NRL
Visit to SAC S
Retesting of samples 20%positive&5% negative from ICTC’S /quarterly, reports to NRL,
Sending all HIV 2 reactive to NRL for archiving
Refreshers training Programmed,
Biannual workshops


3. CENTRAL SERVICE LABORATORY
Situated at casualty building.list of facilities attached.
Average tests done in the CSL per annum - 12433


4.BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT:

Management team - Nodal officer
 
Categorization of Waste:
1. Human anatomical waste
2. Animal waste
3. Lab waste
4. Sharps – Blue
5. Discarded medicines
6. Soiled waste
7. Solid waste
8. Liquid waste
9. Incineration ash
10. Chemicals
Segregation of waste: 
Yellow bin     -   Human anatomical waste. Animal waste
Red bin         -    Lab waste, soiled waste, Solid waste
Blue bin        -   Sharps
Black bin      -    Discarded medicines, Incineration ash, Chemicals
Training on waste management: to all medical officers, nurses, lab technicians, sanitary workers


5. IDSP
Surveillance of notifiable diseases like Dengue, JE, Chikungunya, Hepatitis, Typhoid,
ADD & Measles.


List of Investigations done in Central Service Microbiology Laboratory
BACTERIOLOGY:
  1. Urine   - direct gram stain, culture & sensitivity.
  2. Pus     - direct gram stain, culture & sensitivity.
  3. Blood - enteric culture & sensitivity.
  4. Blood - no enteric culture & sensitivity.
  5. Sputum- direct gram stain, afb staining, culture & sensitivity.
  6. Throat swab - culture& sensitivity.
  7. Body fluids - direct gram stain, AFB staining, culture & sensitivity.
  8. Vaginal swab- direct  gram  stain,  culture & sensitivity
  9. Stool – hanging drop, culture & sensitivity
  10. Water sample analysis.
  11. Blood bag analysis.
  12. Food sample analysis.
  13. Operation theatre sterility testing.
  14. Slit skin smear testing for Leprae bacilli.
    MYCOLOGY:
  1. KOH mount.
  2. LPCB mount.
  3. Fungal culture.
    SEROLOGY:
   18. CRP
   19. RA FACTOR
   20. ASO TITRE
   21. RPR.
   22. WIDAL TEST.
   23. ELISA FOR –
                              a) Dengue,
                              b) Chikungunya,
                              c) JE,
                              d) Hepatitis   A&E,
                              e) Measles.
    24. Rapid Card Test – For Dengue
    25. H1N1 sample collection
 

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